What were the outcomes of WWII?
Results and Aftermath of World War II. After the end of the war, a conference was held in Potsdam, Germany, to set up peace treaties . The countries that fought with Hitler lost territory and had to pay reparations to the Allies . Germany and its capital Berlin were divided into four parts.
Why is the Cold War called Cold War?
The Cold War began after World War Two. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other directly.
Which two superpowers emerged after the Second World War?
The aftermath of World War II was the beginning of a new era for all countries involved, defined by the decline of all European colonial empires and simultaneous rise of two superpowers: the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (USA).
What was the most important event of the Cold War?
The Sputnik crisis was the American reaction to the success of the Sputnik program. It was a key Cold War event that began on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite. The launch of Sputnik I rattled the American public. President Dwight D.
What were the causes of the Cold War essay?
The Soviet Union wanted to spread its ideology of communism worldwide, which alarmed the Americans who followed democracy. The acquisition of atomic weapons by America caused fear in the Soviets. America was annoyed by the Soviet Union’s actions in the part of Germany it had occupied. …
How did the cold war impact American culture?
The Cold War established the presence of an American eternal enemy, and politicians capitalized on this as a way to consolidate their own sense of power and control. Themes such as nuclear war, dystopia, and espionage permeated film and literature, among other mediums. …
What were the causes and effects of the cold war?
The Cold War started because Europe lost power at the end of World War II. This left the Soviet Union and the United States competing for economic and military rule. Both countries believed their policies were the best and ultimately wanted all others to follow.
What are four outcomes of World War II?
War ended with development of atomic bombs. Political boarders are re-arranged. Populations are displaced.
What were the social effects of the cold war?
In conclusion, the Cold War had a large effect on American society. Americans went through a phase of paranoia related to McCarthyism and his blacklist. Television shows and comics sought to assuage these fears. Meanwhile, the Civil Rights Movement was greatly influenced by the Korean War and Executive Order 9981.
What were the two major nations involved in the Cold War?
The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II. This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945.
What were the major consequences of World War 2?
World War II was one of the transformative events of the 20th century, causing the death of 3 percent of the world’s population. Deaths in Europe totaled 39 million people — half of them civilians. Six years of ground battles and bombing resulted in widespread destruction of homes and physical capital.
What are the consequences of World War 2?
Consequences of Second World War
- End of colonialism and imperialism.
- End of dictatorship in Germany and Italy.
- Germany was divided into West Germany and East Germany.
- Strengthening of nationalist movements in Africa and Asia. (
- 5 crore deaths (2.2 crore soldiers and 2.8 crore civilians)
What were the two primary causes of the Cold War?
the desire of the Soviets and the Western Allies to exploit Germany’s mineral resources. the United States and the Soviet Union disliked that their political systems were so similar. …
Who is more responsible for the Cold War?
Until the 1960s, most historians followed the official government line – that the Cold War was the direct result of Stalin’s aggressive Soviet expansionism. Allocation of blame was simple – the Soviets were to blame!
What were the causes of the Cold War quizlet?
Terms in this set (10)
- Name the 5 causes of the Cold War.
- Rivalry bt the US and the Soviet Union.
- Our way vs their way.
- Yalta conference and Soviet control of Eastern Europe.
- Concessions to Stalin.
- Realities at Yalta.
- Promises from Stalin.
- Eastern Europe- Soviet satellite nations, the Iron curtain.
How did the cold war impact the economy?
The U.S. Cold War economic policies were in contrast to those the United States pursued to win World War II. To win the Cold War, the United States became a low-savings, high-consumption economy. It basically supported its allies in a recovery, development and growth process that out-consumed the USSR and China.
What were the long term effects of the cold war?
The long-term effects of the Cold War on American government were immense. First and foremost, it led to the permanent creation of a peacetime defense and armaments industry, as President Eisenhower noted in his farewell address. It forced the United States to adopt a much more international outlook on world affairs.
What were the issues of the Cold War?
Historians have identified several causes that led to the outbreak of the Cold War, including: tensions between the two nations at the end of World War II, the ideological conflict between both the United States and the Soviet Union, the emergence of nuclear weapons, and the fear of communism in the United States.
What are the phases of the Cold War?
Broadly, the Cold War can be divided into the following phases:
- First Phase (1946-1949):
- Second Phase (1949-1953):
- Third Phase (1953-1957):
- Fourth Phase (1957-1962):
- Fifth Phase (1962-1969):
- Sixth Phase (1969-1978):
- Last Phase (1979-1987)