What is Vanillic acid used for?
Vanillic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid) is a dihydroxybenzoic acid derivative used as a flavoring agent. It is an oxidized form of vanillin. It is also an intermediate in the production of vanillin from ferulic acid.
What does Vanillic acid smell like?
Vanillic acid is a phenolic acid found in some forms of vanilla and many other plant extracts. It is a flavouring and scent agent that produces a pleasant, creamy odour. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13).
Where does Vanillic acid come from?
Vanillic acid is a metabolic byproduct of caffeic acid and is often found in the urine of humans who have consumed coffee, chocolate, tea and vanilla-flavored confectionary.
Is Vanillic acid an antioxidant?
The antioxidant activity of vanillic acid (VA) appears to be significant18. The in vitro antioxidant mechanisms of VA include free radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and the inhibition of lipid peroxidation19.
Does coffee have caffeic acid?
Caffeic acid is naturally found in plants, including coffee, and may be just another reason why a plant-based diet, including coffee, is good for you. While most studies have been done in rats or mice, caffeic acid has been shown to be a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.
What compound is C8H8O3?
Vanillin is an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3. It is a phenolic aldehyde. Its functional groups include aldehyde, hydroxyl, and ether. It is the primary component of the extract of the vanilla bean.
Is Vanillic acid solubility in water?
Vanillic acid is used as a flavoring agent in food. It acts as an intermediate in the production of vanillin from ferulic acid. Further, it is used in wine and vinegar. Soluble in water, alcohol and ether.
What is ferulic acid made from?
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid, FA), a hydroxycinnamic acid derived from various seeds, nuts, leaves, and fruits, exists in a free form as well as is covalently conjugated with polysaccharides, glycoproteins, polyamines, lignin, and hydroxy fatty acids of plant cell walls.
What foods contain caffeic acid?
Some examples of foods containing caffeic acid include:
What is the source of caffeic acid?
Caffeic acid is a chemical found in many plants and foods. Coffee is the primary source of caffeic acid in the human diet. However, it can be found in other food sources such as apples, artichoke, berries, olives, and pears. Wine also contains a significant amount of caffeic acid.
Is Vanillyl an alcohol?
Vanillyl alcohol is derived from vanillin. It is used to flavor food….Vanillyl alcohol.
What is the molar mass of C8H8O3?
152.15 g/molVanillin / Molar mass
What is vanillic acid?
Vanillic acid is a phenolic acid found in some forms of vanilla and many other plant extracts. It is a flavoring and scent agent that produces a pleasant, creamy odor.
Which plant has the highest vanillic acid?
The highest amount of vanillic acid in plants known so far is found in the root of Angelica sinensis, an herb indigenous to China, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine . Açaí oil, obtained from the fruit of the açaí palm ( Euterpe oleracea ), is rich in vanillic acid ( 1616 ± 94 mg/kg ).
Which histologic findings are characteristic of homovanillic acid (HVA) deficiency?
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations reveal low levels of homovanillic acid (HVA). However, the characteristic features include marked decrease (20% of normal levels) in both biopterin and neopterin levels.
Do homovanillic acid levels predict response to antipsychotic drugs?
Plasma or CSF levels of homovanillic acid (HVA), the principal dopamine metabolite, were increased in SCZ (Arrue et al., 2010; Siever et al., 1991; Sumiyoshi et al., 2000 ), and predict response to antipsychotic drugs ( Baeza et al., 2009; Koreen et al., 1994; Nagaoka et al., 1997 ).