What is the difference between industrialized and subsistence agriculture?
Industrialized agriculture is highly concentrated and mechanized, relying on chemical inputs like fertilizers, pesticides and non-therapeutic antibiotics. However, sustainable agriculture, which uses methods that protect the environment, public health, human communities and animal welfare, is gaining traction.
Where is subsistence agriculture most common?
Subsistence farming, which today exists most commonly throughout areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and parts of South and Central America, is an extension of primitive foraging practiced by early civilizations. Historically, most early farmers engaged in some form of subsistence farming to survive.
What is meant by industrialized agriculture?
What Is Industrial Agriculture? Industrial agriculture is the large-scale, intensive production of crops and animals, often involving chemical fertilizers on crops or the routine, harmful use of antibiotics in animals (as a way to compensate for filthy conditions, even when the animals are not sick).
What is an example of industrial agriculture?
Industrial agriculture, especially in the central United States, mostly produces commodity crops like corn and soybeans. These crops are used to make the processed foods that dominate the US diet, with serious—and enormously costly—health impacts. Antibiotic resistance.
When did agriculture become industrialized?
The early 1900s saw the introduction of synthetic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, innovations that have become a hallmark of industrial crop production.
What are 3 differences between industrialized agriculture and organic agriculture?
Conventional agriculture causes increased greenhouse gas emissions, soil erosion, water pollution, and threatens human health. Organic farming has a smaller carbon footprint, conserves and builds soil health, replenishes natural ecosystems for cleaner water and air, all without toxic pesticide residues.
What is required by industrialized agriculture?
Industrial farming requires large natural resources including; land, water, and energy to cultivate crops and raise animals for food purposes, which significantly contribute towards the degradation of land and other natural resources.
What are the types of subsistence farming explain in detail?
Subsistence agriculture is often divided into three different types, including intensive subsistence, which is the traditional method, shifting cultivation, which relies on clearing forest to create new farm plots every few years and pastoral nomadism, which relies on traveling with herds of animals.
What is plantation agriculture?
Plantation agriculture is a type of business cultivating where generating profit is a motive by growing crops. The way crops developed for profit implies that large land expected to make plantation farming fruitful. This cultivating found in regions that experience heat and humidity.
Where is plantation agriculture occurring most?
Plantation agriculture is defined by the production of one or more usually cash crops on a large swathe of land. It is most common in tropical climates where cash crops generally grow more naturally.
How are subsistence and industrialized agriculture similar?
Although industrialized agriculture is necessary to feed the growing human population, there is another type of agriculture that is regularly practiced today. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.
What is the major goal of industrialized agriculture?
The major goal of industrialized agriculture for any crop has been to steadily increase its yield—the amount of food produced per unit of land.
What is the difference between subsistence and industrial agriculture?
Subsistence agriculture varies a great deal from industrialized agriculture in terms of the farming methods used. This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land.
Where is intensive subsistence agriculture practiced?
This type of agriculture is practiced in India, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Mexico and Peru. The crops are grown on a small plot of land year after year using human and animal labor. Intensive subsistence agriculture also utilizes manure as fertilizer and simple irrigation systems.
What is industrialized agriculture?
Industrialized agriculture is the type of agriculture where large quantities of crops and livestock are produced through industrialized techniques for the purpose of sale. The goal of industrialized agriculture is to increase crop yield, which is the amount of food that is produced for each unit of land.
What farming techniques are used in industrial agriculture?
Another farming technique that is used in industrialized agriculture is the method of growing monocultures, which is when a single crop is planted on a large scale. Although planting monocultures can increase overall yield, this method of farming is also more susceptible to disease and causes a reduction in the dietary variation of consumers.