What is field independent field-dependent perception?
Field dependent individuals engage a global organization of the surrounding field, and perceive parts of the field as fluent. In contrast, field independent learners discern discrete parts of the field, distinct from the organized. background.
What is the difference between field independence and field dependence?
Field dependent people make greater use of external social referents, but only when the situation is ambiguous and these referents provide information that helps remove the ambiguity; field independent people function with greater autonomy from others under such conditions.
What is meant by field independence and dependence?
Field Dependence–Independence (FDI) is a widely studied dimension of cognitive styles designed to measure an individual’s ability to identify embedded parts of an organized visual field as entities separate from that given field.
What is field independent learning style?
Field Independent Learners Definition: Tend to prefer autonomy; you like direction your own learning. Best Teaching Style: Instructors whose teaching style is not too structured and which allows students several options. Potential Pitfall: Doing everything your way can cost you incomplete or incorrect assignments.
What is reflectivity and impulsivity?
Impulsivity and reflectivity are two learning styles in cognitive domain. An impulsive person, as Brown (2007) states, “is a person who tends to make a quick or gambling guess at an answer to a problem and a reflective person tends to make a slower, more calculated decision”(p.
What does Hattie mean by field independence?
In the field-dependent/independent model of cognitive or learning style, a field-independent learning style is defined by a tendency to separate details from the surrounding context. Activities such as extensive reading and writing, which learners can carry out alone, are useful for field-independent learners.
What is the difference between impulsive and reflective learners?
Another learning styles concept categorizes students into impulsive versus reflective learners. Impulsive learners solve problems fast, but inaccurately whereas reflective learners tend to solve problems slowly, but accurately.
What is meant by field dependence?
a cognitive style in which the individual consistently relies more on external referents (environmental cues) than on internal referents (bodily sensation cues). The opposite tendency is field independence.
What is independence psychology?
n. 1. freedom from the influence or control of other individuals or groups. 2. complete lack of relationship between two or more events, sampling units, or variables, such that none is influenced by any other and that changes in one have no implication for changes in any other.
What is learning dependent on?
Learning activities: Learning depends upon the activities and experiences provided by the teacher, his concept of discipline, methods of teaching, and above all his overall personality.
What is a dependent learner?
Many culturally and linguistically diverse students are “dependent learners” who don’t get adequate support to facilitate their cognitive growth. Consequently, they are not able to activate their own neuroplasticity.
What is educational implications of reflectivity vs impulsivity?
Personality learning styles are usually discussed under two main head- ings, i.e., reflectivity and impulsivity. Reflective learners are those who seek accuracy and fluency, whereas, impulsive learner prefer to learn more thoroughly rather than more pre- cisely.
What is the difference between a field dependent and a field independent?
In contrast to the field-dependents, field-independents will restructure any random or non-hierarchically presented information for better retention and retrieval” (Wallace & Gregory, 1985, p. 22). According to Witkin and Moore (1974) the FD/FI individuals are not different “in sheer learning ability or memory” (p. 6).
What is the cognitive style dimension field dependent?
The cognitive style dimension field-dependent/independent has also some important educational implications, which can affect what one learns and how one learns (Witkin et al., 1977; Ragan et al., 1979). This cognitive style construct is also a source of considerable individual differences among individuals.
Is field-independent preference a good predictor of giftedness?
It is also quite predictive of what might be called giftedness. Those who have a field-independent preference due to their narrow focus and ability to screen can process information more efficiently, but may miss the social context that their field-dependent peers more readily perceive.
What are the characteristics of field-dependent individuals?
Furthermore, the field-dependent individuals are extremely alert to social cues, have highly developed interpersonal skills, and like to study and work in groups. In addition they are extremely sensitive to social criticism and are strongly influenced by others around them (Witkin & Moore, 1974, Witkin & Goodenough, 1981).