What is EDR turbulence?
Eddy Dissipation Rate (EDR) Shown in the scale above, Eddy Dissipation Rate, or EDR, is an objective, aircraft-independent, universal measure of turbulence based on the rate at which energy dissipates in the atmosphere. In other words, it is a measure of the turbulent state of the atmosphere.
What does G Airmet stand for?
graphical Airman’s Meteorological Advisory
Description. The graphical Airman’s Meteorological Advisory (G-AIRMET) is a BUFRformatted time-series depiction of aviation hazards occurring with occasional or greater frequency throughout the conterminous U.S. and adjacent coastal waters (NWS, 2005a).
Where are PIREPs found?
PIREPs are encouraged in virtually all airspace. In some parts of the world, air traffic facilities are required to solicit PIREPs when any of the following conditions are reported or forecast: ceilings at or below 5,000 feet. visibility at or below 5 miles (surface or aloft)
What is extreme turbulence?
In extreme turbulence, the airplane is tossed violently about and is impossible to control. It may cause structural damage. Chop is a type of turbulence that causes rapid and somewhat rhythmic bumpiness. Turbulence Intensity Classification.
How do you read a turbulence map?
If there’s a yellow bubble around an area, it indicates turbulence is forecasted. Sometimes you’ll see the yellow bubble around a jet stream, and sometimes you’ll see them in areas without the jet stream indicated. The single hat symbol by the legend for the yellow areas indicates moderate.
What is turbulent dissipation rate?
Turbulence dissipation, is the rate at which turbulence kinetic energy is converted into thermal internal energy.
What is AIRMET tango?
AIRMET Tango (Turbulence): Moderate turbulence. Sustained surface winds of 30 knots or more at the surface.
When should you solicit PIREPs?
ATC may solicit a PIREP under certain conditions: when ceilings are at or below 5,000 feet; visibility reported on the surface or aloft is 5 miles or less; there are reported thunderstorms; there are reports of turbulence of moderate degree or greater; there is reported icing of light degree or greater; there is wind …
What are the 2 types of PIREPs?
There are two types of PIREPs: UA and UUA.
Can turbulence flip a plane?
For all intents and purposes, a plane cannot be flipped upside-down, thrown into a tailspin, or otherwise flung from the sky by even the mightiest gust or air pocket.