What does the TOWRE test measure?
The Test of Word Reading Efficiency–Second Edition (TOWRE-2; Torgesen, Wagner, & Rashotte, 2012) is designed to measure fluency in sight word reading and phonetic decoding skills for individuals aged 6 to 24.
How often can you give TOWRE-2?
TOWRE-2 can be used to monitor progress in growth of word-level reading skills three or four times per year.
Who can administer the TOWRE?
TOWRE – 2 is a very simple test which can be administered by teachers and aides, and it only takes five minutes to complete the procedure. It is commonly used in reading research, classroom assessment and clinical practice.
What is sight word efficiency?
The Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest assesses the number of real words that an individual can accurately identify within 45 seconds. Similarly, the Phonemic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest measures the number of pronounceable nonwords that an individual can accurately decode within 45 seconds.
Is the TOWRE timed?
The TOWRE-2 is a timed test and can be completed in just 5-10 minutes. It yields standard scores, percentile ranks, and age and grade equivalents.
Who can administer the TOWL 4?
The issued of sensitivity, specificity, false positives, and bias have been addressed. The TOWL-4 can be administered to individuals or groups in 60-90 minutes. Nationally stratified norms (from 2505 individuals) are now age-based and grade-based.
How long does the TOWRE take to administer?
approximately 5 minutes
If only one form of each test is used, the test can be administered in approximately 5 minutes, including time for directions and practice items. The TOWRE-2 was normed on over 1,700 individuals ranging in age from 6 to 24 years and residing in 12 states and Washington, DC.
What does TOWRE 2 assess?
The Test of Word Reading Efficiency–Second Edition (TOWRE 2) is a measure of an individual’s ability to pronounce printed words (Sight Word Efficiency) and phonemically regular nonwords (Phonemic Decoding Efficiency) accurately and fluently.
What is yarc assessment?
The York Assessment of Reading Comprehension (YARC) is a standardised assessment used to measure reading comprehension. It investigates the oral decoding (reading accuracy), fluency (reading rate) and text comprehension skills (reading comprehension concerning literal and inferential meaning).
Is decoding phonemic awareness?
Phonemic awareness is related to, but different from, decoding. Phonemic awareness is about speech sounds only. Decoding makes the connection between letters and the sounds they represent.
What kind of assessment is TOWRE?
The TOWRE-2 is a quick and reliable way to assess efficiency of sight word recognition and phonemic decoding in children and adults. It provides professionals in schools and clinics with a reliable and valid measure of fluency and accuracy of print-based word-reading skills.
What age is the TOWL-4 for?
Contextual Conventions Individually administered in 60 to 90 minutes, the TOWL-4 can be used with students aged 9-0 to 17-11. Equivalent forms (A and B) are available to simplify pre- and posttesting.