What are topic sentences examples?

What are topic sentences examples?

Here are some examples: Topic Sentence: There are many reasons why pollution in ABC Town is the worst in the world. The topic is “pollution in ABC Town is the worst in the world” and the controlling idea is “many reasons.”

How do you end a introduction paragraph?

At the end of your introductory paragraph, state your thesis as clearly and specifically as possible. Try to fit in into one sentence, but use two if you need to! Topic Sentences: At the beginning of each paragraph, include a sentence that: 1. Tells the reader what the paragraph will be about, and 2.

What is Schaffer method?

The Schaffer method is a research-based writing formula commonly taught in middle and high school settings. The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays.

What is a chunk in English?

Chunks are groups of words that can be found together in language. A listener or reader uses their knowledge of chunks to help them predict meaning and therefore be able to process language in real time. Chunks include lexical phrases, set phrases, and fixed phrases.

How do you start a concrete detail?

Remember that instead of starting all your commentary sentences with the pronoun “This,” use a synonym for the key word(s) in your topic sentence. Or, you can imbed the starter idea within your sentence as long as it shows that you are elaborating on the concrete detail sentence.

What is the last paragraph of an essay called?


How do you write a Jane Schaffer essay?

Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy: What is the Jane Schaffer Writing Method? It is a writing format for essays. It consists of a minimum of five paragraphs: an introduction (including the thesis statement), body paragraphs (three or more) in chunks, and a conclusion.

How do you write a good essay introduction?


  1. Attract the Reader’s Attention. Begin your introduction with a “hook” that grabs your reader’s attention and introduces the general topic.
  2. State Your Focused Topic. After your “hook”, write a sentence or two about the specific focus of your paper.
  3. State your Thesis. Finally, include your thesis statement.

How do you write a chunk?

A two chunk paragraph looks like this:

  1. Topic Sentence (TS)
  2. Concrete Detail (CD)
  3. Commentary (CM)
  4. Commentary (CM)
  5. Concrete Detail (CD)
  6. Commentary (CM)
  7. Commentary (CM)
  8. Concluding Sentence (CS)

What is a concrete detail in a paragraph?

Concrete Detail (CD) Definition: Facts, evidence, proof, quotations, or a specific reference from/to a text that helps develop the main idea of the paragraph. All paragraphs should have two CDs.

What is a two chunk Schaffer paragraph?

A two chunk paragraph contains a transition word, a topic sentence, a concrete detail, two commentary sentences, another concrete detail, two more commentary sentences, and a concluding sentence.

How do you write a double chunk paragraph?

The basic idea is that you state your claim in your topic sentence, prove what you’re saying with two “chunks” of information, and then reassert your point in a concluding sentence.

How do you write a 3 chunk paragraph?

  1. The job of each chunk is. to prove your topic sentence!
  2. Concrete details are FACTS. They are the evidence that proves your topic sentence.
  3. illustrations. specifics. proof.
  4. They DO NOT just repeat the topic sentence.
  5. Now you…
  6. 3 Chunk Paragraph. 1) Topic Sentence. 2) Concrete Detail.
  7. Commentary. (CM) Commentary sentences are.

What are the three types of concrete details?

Find here Details of some of these various types of concrete.

  • Normal Strength Concrete. The concrete that is obtained by mixing the basic ingredients cement, water and aggregate will give us normal strength concrete.
  • Plain Concrete. The plain concrete will have no reinforcement in it.
  • Reinforced Concrete.

What’s a concrete detail?

What Are Concrete Details? A concrete detail is a descriptive detail grounded in specificity. The most sophisticated writing contains a balanced mix of concrete language and abstract ideas. Clear, concrete details are essential for writing engaging prose.

What is a sub topic sentence?

A subtopic sentence is the topic sentence of each body paragraph in an multi-paragraph essay. Subtopic sentences describe different smaller topics under the main topic of the essay, which is described in the thesis statement.

How do you start a good introduction for an essay example?

Strong Introductions for Essays

  1. Use a Surprising Fact. You can capture the reader’s attention with a surprising fact or statement.
  2. Pose a Question.
  3. Start With an Anecdote.
  4. Set the Stage.
  5. State Your Point Clearly.
  6. Start With Something Shocking.
  7. Use a Statistic.
  8. Get Personal.

What is a subtopic in a thesis?

Subtopics are the main issues that you find in your research on your topic. If your thesis statement is: “The devastating effects of El Niño will not be lessened by the ability to predict its occurrence.” Subtopics may be: Loss of Environment. Weather extremes.

How can I write persuasive essay?

How to write a persuasive essay

  1. Take a stance. What do you think about the issue?
  2. Know your audience. Determine if your audience will agree with your position and why they may not.
  3. Thoroughly research your topic.
  4. Think about the structure of your essay.
  5. Support your argument.
  6. The introduction.
  7. The body.
  8. The conclusion.

What are some persuasive topics?

Persuasive Speech Example Topics

  • Should high school athletes get tested for steroids?
  • Should schools be required to have physical education courses?
  • Should sports grades in school depend on things like athletic ability and mile time?
  • What sport should be added to/removed from the Olympics?

How do you write an introduction for a thesis?

Stages in a thesis introduction

  1. state the general topic and give some background.
  2. provide a review of the literature related to the topic.
  3. define the terms and scope of the topic.
  4. outline the current situation.
  5. evaluate the current situation (advantages/ disadvantages) and identify the gap.

What’s a good persuasive essay topic?

Argumentative persuasive essay topics

  • Companies should stop marketing to kids.
  • CEOs wages are high without reason.
  • Members of Congress must have term restrictions.
  • Access to condoms will not prevent early pregnancy.
  • Things that make modern society immoral.
  • Why should the government have a word on diets?