How do you cite multiple authors in-text Chicago?
When there are multiple authors, list their names in the same order as they appear in the source. When a source has two or three authors, include the names of all the authors in your in-text citation. For sources with four or more authors, use the name of the first author followed by “et al.”
What is Chicago style citation used for?
Chicago citation style was created by the University of Chicago. It is commonly used for citing sources in History and occasionally in the Humanities, Sciences, and Social Sciences.
What is the most used citation style?
APA citation style
How do you use Chicago style?
How to format a Chicago-style paper
- One inch margins on sides, top and bottom.
- Use Times or Times New Roman 12 pt font.
- Double-space the text of the paper.
- Use left-justified text, which will have a ragged right edge.
- Use a 1/2″ indent for paragraph beginnings, block quotes and hanging (bibliography) indents.
Do you use footnotes in Chicago style?
The style of Chicago/Turabian we use requires footnotes rather than in-text or parenthetical citations. Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Footnotes should match with a superscript number at the end of the sentence referencing the source.
How do you format a block quote in Chicago style?
How do I format a Block Quote in Chicago Style(CMS)?
- Provide an introduction to the quote.
- Begin the block quote on a new line.
- Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks.
- Single-space the block quote.
- Indent each line of the block quote by ½ inch.
How do you cite two authors in Chicago style?
- Give the author or editor with last name first, followed by a period.
- If there are two authors, give both.
- If there are three to ten authors or editors, give them all.
- If there are 11 or more authors or editors, give the first seven and add et al. (
What font size should Footnotes be in Chicago style?
How do you in-text cite multiple authors?
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.
Do you use page numbers in Chicago style?
Page numbers should be included in your Chicago in-text citations when: You’re quoting from the text.
How do you do in-text citations Chicago style?
The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication. The short references within the text are given wholly or partly in round brackets.
How do you do in text citations APA if there is no author?
- Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication.
- When a work has no identified author, cite in text the first few words of the article title using double quotation marks, “headline” style capitalization, and the year.
Where do you put page numbers in Chicago Style Citation?
Following the Chicago Manual of Style format, the most conventional location for page numbers is:
- Upper right-hand corner of the page.
- Approximately one inch from the top of the paper.
- Approximately one inch from the side of the paper.
How do you use footnotes correctly?
When a footnote must be placed at the end of a clause,1 add the number after the comma. When a footnote must be placed at the end of a sentence, add the number after the period. Numbers denoting footnotes should always appear after punctuation, with the exception of one piece of punctuation3—the dash.
How do you format a long quote in Chicago style?
Create a Prose Block Quote in Chicago/Turabian
- Do not enclose the quote in quotation marks.
- Single space the quoted section.
- Leave a space before and after Turabian block quotes.
- Keep quotation marks if they are used within the quotation itself.
- Indent the whole block as you would a paragraph (0.5 inches).
How do you cite footnotes in Chicago style?
Footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes appear on a separate page at the end of the text. This is an example of a Chicago style footnote citation….Chicago book citation
- Author first name last name, Book Title, edition.
- Author last name, Shortened Book Title, page number(s).
How do you do in text citations?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you cite the same source multiple times footnotes in Chicago style?
When citing the same source in multiple footnotes one after the other, cite the source in full the first time, and then use the abbreviated form for all subsequent citations until another source is cited (p. 759-760).
How does APA citation look like?
APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Can you use headings in Chicago style?
In Chicago style, headings are used to organize your writing and give it a hierarchical organization. There can be up to five levels of headings in your paper. Some use title case; some use sentence case.
Do Chicago style papers need a cover page?
Do Chicago style papers need a cover page? No, you do not need to include a title page in Chicago style. However, if you choose not to include a title or cover page, you need to include your name, instructor, and course information on the first page of your essay or research paper.
Is Chicago style the same as APA?
Most of the differences between Chicago (Turabian) and APA Styles involve in-text citations. APA Style also includes the year of publication of the source, but Chicago (Turabian) Style does not. Chicago (Turabian) Style also allows the use of footnotes, rather than in-text citations, to cite your sources.
What are the difference between the two most common citation style?
The main differences between MLA, APA, and Chicago format are the way the title page, in-text citations, and reference lists are created. MLA uses the author-page number style for in-text citations, while APA uses the author-date citation style. Chicago offers two citation styles: notes-bibliography and author-date.
What does Chicago Style Citation look like?
The Chicago Manual of Style is regularly updated….Chicago newspaper citation.
|In-text citation format||(Author last name year, page number if applicable)|
|Reference list format||Author last name, first name. Year. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month date, year. URL if applicable.|
What is Chicago style format?
The Chicago Manual of Style contains comprehensive guidelines about such issues as text formatting, citations, and quotation. Double-space the text. Use 1 inch margins or larger. Indent new paragraphs by ½ inch. Place page numbers in the top right or bottom center.
What font should Footnotes be?
Fonts must be 10, 11, or 12 points in size. Superscripts and subscripts (e.g., formulas, or footnote or endnote numbers) should be no more than 2 points smaller than the font size used for the body of the text.