## How do you calculate FV and PV?

Key Takeaways

- The present value formula is PV = FV/(1 + i) n where PV = present value, FV = future value, i = decimalized interest rate, and n = number of periods.
- The future value formula is FV = PV× (1 + i) n.

**What is the formula of maturity value?**

The maturity value formula is V = P x (1 + r)^n. You see that V, P, r and n are variables in the formula. V is the maturity value, P is the original principal amount, and n is the number of compounding intervals from the time of issue to maturity date. The variable r represents that periodic interest rate.

### How do you use the present value factor table?

If you know an annuity is discounted at 8% per period and there are 10 periods, look on the PVOA Table for the intersection of i = 8% and n = 10. You will find the factor 6.710. Once you know the factor, simply multiply it by the amount of the recurring payment; the result is the present value of the ordinary annuity.

**How do you find the present value factor of 10?**

For example, if an individual is wanting to use the present value factor to calculate today’s value of $500 received in 3 years based on a 10% rate, then the individual could multiply $500 times the present value factor of 3 years and 10%.

#### Why is present value calculated?

Present value provides a basis for assessing the fairness of any future financial benefits or liabilities. For example, a future cash rebate discounted to present value may or may not be worth having a potentially higher purchase price. The same financial calculation applies to 0% financing when buying a car.

**How do I calculate present value in Excel?**

Present value (PV) is the current value of an expected future stream of cash flow. Present value can be calculated relatively quickly using Microsoft Excel. The formula for calculating PV in Excel is =PV(rate, nper, pmt, [fv], [type]).