How do you build a slum area?
Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.
What are the features of slum?
As informal (and often illegal) housing, slums are often defined by:
- Unsafe and/or unhealthy homes (e.g. lack of windows, dirt floor, leaky walls and roofs)
- Overcrowded homes.
- Limited or no access to basic services: water, toilets, electricity, transportation.
How do you clear slums?
Under a new Slum Clearance Act, the government must declare areas identified as slums and then either build new, permanent homes or improve living conditions in the slum.
What are the types of slum?
Thus, there are two types of slums: Notified slums and non-notified slums. Notified slum dwellers can usually afford to invest in education and skill training, while residents in non-notified slums are mostly unconnected to basic services and formal livelihood opportunities  .
What are the characteristics of slum in Nigeria?
The characteristics of urban slum (i) Slums are usually densely populated: Many slum settlements are inhabited by overwhelming numbers of people who may not afford the formal housing arrangement of cities. Hence overcrowding is common place. (ii) Slums are inhabited by the urban poor.
How can we overcome poor sanitation?
Improving sanitation, in a nutshell: First, provide more support to local level sanitation plans and strategies. Second, do more work on faecal sludge monitoring and management. Third, communicate the benefits of investing in sanitation to communities.
Why is sanitation important in slums?
Adequate sanitation prevents fecal matter from contaminating water supplies and the surroundings in which people live, work, play, and travel each day. Indeed, several studies demonstrate a strong association between improved latrines and reductions in diarrheal disease (Meddings et al.