Why was there so much of protest over the Mandal Commission report Class 9?
These protests were against giving government jobs to certain castes on basis of birth rather than merit of the candidate. These protests closed roads, highways, transportation services, government services, schools, and businesses of India. Anti-reservationists protested.
Which committee recommended the 27% reservation of the OBCs in the government jobs in 1991 *?
the B.P. Mandal committee
Explanation: On the basis of the B.P. Mandal committee; 27 percent reservation has been given to OBC. The central government headed by the V.P. Singh implemented the recommendations of the committee.
What was Mandal Commission Why was it set up?
When it all began In 1979, it was the Morarji Desai government which set up the Mandal Commission to identify socially or educationally backward classes to address caste discrimination. It was chaired by B.P. Mandal, who was once the Bihar chief minister.
What is Mandal case Judgement?
This case is famously known as the ‘Indira Sawhney Vs Union of India and Ors. ‘ or Mandal Case. In its judgement by the nine-judge bench, the Supreme Court upheld the 27% reservation for OBCs but also stated that only caste was not an indicator of social and educational backwardness.
What Mandal means?
A mandal is a local government area, similar to a tehsil, in parts of India.
Who started SC ST reservation in India?
Rajarshi Shahu, the Maharaja of the princely state of Kolhapur, introduced reservation in favor of non-Brahmin and backward classes, much of which came into force in 1902. He provided free education to everyone and opened several hostels to make it easier for them to receive it.
Why are people against Mandal Commission?
It created a lot of stir among people of forward castes and other castes. Suddenly they would lose jobs available to them. Many unemployed were not in OBC but they were not economically or socially well off. So reservations were a big hurdle for them.
What were the recommendations of Mandal Commission Class 9?
The Mandal Commission therefore recommended that 27 percent of central and state government jobs should be reserved for OBCs, and that the 27 percent figure should be applied to other “compensatory discrimination” or “compensatory protection” benefits, including those provided by universities and affiliated colleges.
What is Indira Swami case?
What is the Indra Sawhney Judgement? On 16 November 1992, the Supreme Court, in its verdict, upheld the government order, being of the opinion that caste was an acceptable indicator of backwardness. Thus, the recommendation of reservations for OBCs in central government services was finally implemented in 1992.