Who fought in the First Battle of El Alamein?
Axis positions near El Alamein, only 66 mi (106 km) from Alexandria, were dangerously close to the ports and cities of Egypt, the base facilities of the Commonwealth forces and the Suez Canal….
|First Battle of El Alamein|
|Erwin Rommel Ettore Bastico||Claude Auchinleck|
Did the Allies win the Battle of El Alamein?
The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.
Why was the Battle of El Alamein critical?
It ended the long fight for the Western Desert, and was the only great land battle won by the British and Commonwealth forces without direct American participation. The victory also persuaded the French to start cooperating in the North African campaign.
How long did the battle of El Alamein last?
Battles of El-Alamein, (1–27 July 1942, 23 October—11 November 1942), World War II events. After the First Battle of El-Alamein, Egypt (150 miles west of Cairo), ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive. It marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa.
What tanks were used in the Battle of El Alamein?
8 Tanks at the Second Battle of El Alamein
- Italian M13/40. The M13/40 was best tank available to the Italian Army in 1940 but by 1942 it was totally outclassed by the latest British and American designs.
- British Mark lll Valentine.
- British Mk lV Crusader.
- M3 Grant.
- M4 Sherman.
- Panzer Mark lll.
- Panzer Mark lV.
When was the second battle of El Alamein?
October 23, 1942 – November 11, 1942Second Battle of El Alamein / Period
How long was the battle of El Alamein?
How did the Battle of El Alamein end?
Claude Auchinleck, counterattacked, and a battle of attrition developed. By mid-July Rommel was still at El-Alamein, blocked, and had even been thrown on the defensive, thus ending the first battle. The British had stopped his drive to overrun Egypt and seize the canal.
How did the Battle of El Alamein begin?
At 9.40pm on Friday 23 October 1942, the Battle of El Alamein began with a four-hour ground and air bombardment launched by Britain and its allies. As it subsided, the troops began their advance.
How many British soldiers died at El Alamein?
The British Forces had sustained 2000 casualties, the Australians 1000, the New Zealanders 1000 and the South Africans 600. The tanks of X Corps, established just beyond the infantry, had failed to break through the Axis anti-tank defences.
How many Shermans does El Alamein have?
The army had by now amassed 1,029 tanks, including 216 Crusaders, 194 Valentines, 252 Shermans, and 170 Grants, along with 2,311 artillery pieces. Facing the Allied force were 104,000 German and Italian troops, 489 tanks, of which 300 were inferior Italian models, and 1,219 guns.