## Where can I find misleading graphs?

Read more about how graphs can be misleading here:

- Media Matters – A History Of Dishonest Fox Charts. mediamatters.org.
- Reddit – Data Is Ugly. reddit.com.
- Heap – How To Life With Data Visualization. data.heapanalytics.com.
- Junk Charts. junkcharts.typepad.com.
- Spurilous Correlations. tylervigen.com.

## Why are pie charts bad?

Pie charts are one of the most overused graphs in the world and in most cases are not the best way to present data. They often distort the information and make it more difficult for decision-makers to understand the messages they contain.

**What are examples of misleading statistics?**

In 2007, toothpaste company Colgate ran an ad stating that 80% of dentists recommend their product. Based on the promotion, many shoppers assumed Colgate was the best choice for their dental health. But this wasn’t necessarily true. In reality, this is a famous example of misleading statistics.

**Do you think 3D pie charts distort the data in a way that is misleading Why or why not?**

The usage of percentages as labels on a pie chart can be misleading when the sample size is small. Making a pie chart 3D or adding a slant will make interpretation difficult due to distorted effect of perspective. Bar-charted pie graphs in which the height of the slices is varied may confuse the reader.

### How do you lie with graphs and charts?

A classic way to lie with a chart is to introduce irrelevant information. In the chart on the right, the only relevant property is cone height. But, while the cone volume is irrelevant, it is also very difficult to ignore, encouraging us to assign a greater value to the larger part of the cone.

### Do you think 3 D pie charts distort the data in a way that is misleading Why or why not?

**Which of the following uses of a line chart is most likely to be misinterpreted?**

Which of the following uses of a line chart is most likely to be misinterpreted? Using an axis that doesn’t start at zero.

**What’s better than a pie chart?**

Simple bar chart or Stacked bar chart Definitely, the best alternative for a pie chart/ donut chart is a simple bar graph because in that case we only have to compare one dimension, length with more clarity and less cutter.

#### What are some misuses in statistics?

Other misuses include comparing apples and oranges, using the wrong average, regression toward the mean, and the umbrella phrase garbage in, garbage out. Some statistics are simply irrelevant to an issue.

#### What is statistical deception?

This term means that if your statistical model’s foundational concepts are deficient, any subsequent statistical calculations are spurious. Computer science has a simpler term for this: garbage in, garbage out.