What is the pathophysiology for type 2 diabetes?
The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance, impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production, and declining β-cell function, eventually leading toβ -cell failure.
What’s the pathophysiology of diabetes?
The pathophysiology of diabetes involves plasm concentrations of glucose signaling the central nervous system to mobilize energy reserves. It is based on cerebral blood flow and tissue integrity, arterial plasma glucose, the speed that plasma glucose concentrations fall, and other available metabolic fuels.
What is the major pathophysiological difference between type1 and type 2 DM?
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
What is the difference between the physiology of DM type I and type II?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas are completely destroyed, so the body can’t produce any insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the islet cells are still working. However, the body is resistant to insulin.
Is type 2 diabetes insulin-dependent?
In type 2 diabetes (which used to be called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes) the body produces insulin, but the cells don’t respond to insulin the way they should.
Do type 2 diabetics need insulin?
People with type 2 diabetes may require insulin when their meal plan, weight loss, exercise and antidiabetic drugs do not achieve targeted blood glucose (sugar) levels. Diabetes is a progressive disease and the body may require insulin injections to compensate for declining insulin production by the pancreas.
Is type 2 diabetes insulin dependent?
When do type 2 diabetes need insulin?
Why is insulin given to type 2 diabetes?
Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range. Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.
What insulin is used for type 2 diabetes?
Initial insulin dose — When insulin is started for type 2 diabetes, health care providers usually recommend “basal” insulin; this means taking intermediate-acting and/or long-acting forms of insulin to keep blood sugar controlled throughout the day.
What is the role of insulin in type 2 diabetes?
Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells. Inside the cells, glucose is stored and later used for energy. When you have type 2 diabetes, your fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance.
What is type 2 diabetes and how is it treated?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body does not use insulin properly. This causes blood sugar levels to rise, which can lead to other health problems. If you have type 2 diabetes Beauty, your doctor may prescribe one or more treatments to help manage your blood sugar level and reduce the risk of complications.
How do you explain type 2 diabetes?
The risk of microvascular complications of diabetes (retinopathy,nephropathy,neuropathy) is closely related to control of blood glucose.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Causes: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes,but they both involve insulin.
How to explain type 2 diabetes to a patient?
Type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes,your body does not make insulin.