What is a difference between Milgram and Bocchiaro?
Bocchiaro’s study focused on whistle blowing, disobedience as well as obedience, whilst also investigating the role of dispositional factors, whereas Milgram’s study focused solely on destructive obedience.
Why did Bocchiaro carry out pilot tests?
The researchers conducted eight pilot tests, involving 92 undergraduates from VU university. These were conducted for a number of reasons including, standardising the experimenters behaviour and ensuring that the experiment was ethically sound.
How does Bocchiaro link to the social area?
Bocchiaro can also link to the social area as they are openly interested in trying to find out if there are individual differences or personality traits between people who obey and those who disobey in the research scenario.
What are the principles of the social area?
The key assumptions are:
- Other people and the environment influence our behaviour and thought processes.
- All human behaviour occurs in a social context (even in the absence of others).
- Our relationships with others influence our behaviour and thought processes.
How does Sperry relate to the biological area?
Sperry (1968) Split brain study Biological Biological because it is showing, through split-brain patients, the way in which different abilities are localized within the two hemispheres of the brain and distinct areas control specific behaviours. Sperry’s study has a small sample in comparison to the Casey et al study.
How do you maximize ecological validity?
You can increase the ecological validity of your study by conducting evaluations in the field. This will give you a better sense of how people will use your product in the “real world.” If your product will be used at home, you could conduct the study in the participants’ homes, for example.
How do you test ecological validity?
The two main methods of establishing ecological validity are veridicality and verisimilitude. Veridicality is the degree to which test scores correlate with measures of real-world functioning, and verisimilitude is the degree to which tasks performed during testing resemble those performed in daily life.
How does Bocchiaro link to the social approach?
What is the main assumption of the social approach?
The key assumptions are: Other people and the environment influence our behaviour and thought processes. All human behaviour occurs in a social context (even in the absence of others). Our relationships with others influence our behaviour and thought processes.
How does Blakemore and Cooper link to the biological area?
Blakemore and Cooper (1970) Impact of early visual experience Biological An early example of research into brain plasticity, in which evidence is put forward of the impact that the visual environment has on cats’ brains (specifically their visual neurons).
How does Bocchiaro link to social area?
What is Bocchiaro’s method of evaluation?
Bocchiaro et al., (2012) Evaluation. + Laboratory study – the laboratory environment allows the researchers to control many aspects of the environment and experience of the participant, which reduces confounding variables and thus increases the internal validity of the study.
What is Bocchiaro (2012) about?
Bocchiaro, P., Zimbardo, P. G., & Van Lange, P. A. (2012). To defy or not to defy: An experimental study of the dynamics of disobedience and whistle-blowing.
How reliable is Bocchiaro’s research?
Low ecological validity as there was no emotional connection, did not risk their job and pay. 17 To what extent was Bocchiaro et al’s research reliable? Highly reliable all participants received the same cover story, highly standardised and replicable procedure. Fairly large sample used with a consistent trend shown.
What are the ethical issues in Bocchiaro et al’s study?
Discuss the ethical issues in Bocchiaro et al’s study. This study stayed within ethical guidelines. Confidentiality of the participants was collected, consent was sought twice, they could of withdrawn from the study at anytime. There was a high level of deception and consent given at the start was not fully informed. 16