What does IC XC mean?
Product Description. This Eastern Orthodox necklace pendant is a medal-style and says IC XC NI KA or NIKA. IC XC is a Christogram abbreviation for Jesus Christ and NIKA is Conquers = Jesus Christ Conquers.
What age was Jesus when he was crucified?
Most scholars reckon Jesus was crucified between 30 and 33AD, so 1985-8 years ago. Seeing as we can assume Jesus was about 30 when he was baptised and began his ministry, we know he was over 30 when he was crucified.
What is Byzantine icon?
The word “icon” comes from the Greek eikо̄n, so “icon” simply means image. In the Eastern Roman “Byzantine” Empire and other lands that shared Byzantium’s Orthodox Christian faith, “holy icons” were images of sacred figures and events.
What does a cross with an M mean?
A Marian Cross is a term to describe a symbolic representation of the close connection of Mary, with the redemptive mission of Jesus. The letter “M” below the cross indicates Mary’s presence at the foot of the cross.
What is deesis mosaic?
In Byzantine art, a Deesis is a traditional representation of Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist, imploring Christ the salvation of man. This mosaic in Hagia Sophia is located in the upper south gallery, dating back to 1261.
What is the symbol of the Good Shepherd?
Summary. The Johannine symbol of the good shepherd (Jn 10:1-18) is employed by the fourth evangelist from the Jewish cultural context, to communicate the Divine message of the redemption of humanity by Jesus Christ, who is the Symbol, the Son and the Revealer of the Johannine Father.
What kind of icon is the Pantocrator?
Orthodox icon of Jesus Christ Pantocrator (23), copy of the Encaustic icon of Sinai, Christ “Pantocrator”. Encaustic on wood, St. Catherine’s Monastery Sinai, 6th century. One of the most important icons in the Monastery’s collection and represents the two faces of Christ.
What does Pantocrator mean in the Bible?
The word Pantocrator is of Greek origin meaning “ruler of all”. Christ Pantocrator is an icon of Christ represented full or half-length and full-faced. He holds the book of the Gospels in his left hand and blesses with his right hand. The icon portrays Christ as the Righteous Judge and the Lover of Mankind, both at the same time.
Why the multi-colored band around the figure of the Pantocrator?
The use of the multi-colored band that we usually see around the figure of the Pantocrator in the dome of Churches is based on Rev. 4:3 where the iris or rainbow is said to surround the throne of God. Normally the icon of Christ Pantocrator is the most remote of all the conventional poses. Christ is distant from us and sometimes His face is stern.
What is the Orthodox icon of Jesus Christ called?
Orthodox Icon of Jesus Christ “Pantocrator” (10). Icon is a copy of a mosaic icon of Jesus Christ from Saint Sophia’s Church (Hagia Sophia), Constantinople 13 century. This image is in the upper gallery at Saint Sophia.