What are some environmental hazards of the Nigerian oil pipelines?
The major sources of environmental pollution in the Niger Delta region include oil spillage, pipeline explosion, gas flaring and venting, improper disposal of large volumes of petroleum-derived hazardous waste streams, such as drilling mud, oily and toxic sludge , equipment failure/oil spills associated with ageing …
How do oil pipelines affect the environment?
Leaks, emissions, and other damage from pipelines can destroy vegetation, harm local wildlife, and add to local water and air pollution levels. Operators can help avoid these issues by strict inspection and maintenance routines.
What is the environmental impact of oil in Nigeria?
Environmental pollution arising from oil prospecting and exploration in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria has impacted negatively on the biodiversity of the affected areas. The main stresses arise from leakages of crude oil, gas flaring and the escape of other chemicals used in production processes.
How has pipeline Vandalisation affected Nigeria?
Statistics have shown that Nigeria is losing well over 300,000 barrels per day (bpd) as a result of crude oil pipeline vandalism, which runs into billions of dollars in losses (James, 2014. (2014). Shell is losing more oil sabotage and theft in Niger Delta is causing big jumps in spills.
What are environmental problems in Nigeria?
Nigeria is faced with environmental problems such as air pollution, water pollution, lead exposures, poor waste management, deforestation, desertification, wind erosion, and flooding, which has harmed the population.
What are the possible environmental problems associated with petroleum exploration and refining in Nigeria?
The impact of illegal refineries on the Niger Delta environment has raised questions of great concern in the minds of the inhabitants in the region. The people of the region have suffered polluted air, contaminated environment, degraded forests, biodiversity loss and high atmospheric temperatures.
Do oil pipelines pollute?
On average, the government’s data shows that more than 31,000 barrels of oil or other substances are not cleaned up following pipeline incidents, and in some years many more barrels are left, polluting our environment for years to come.
What are the effects of pipeline vandalism?
Pipeline vandalization has a huge ecological and socio-economic impact in Sub-Saharan countries. It leads to environmental degradation, loss of jobs, loss of revenue and also affects health of those affected.
What are the consequences of pipeline vandalization?
Demonstrated in the case studies presented above, pipeline vandalism can lead to pollution, death, and significant economic loss. For the sake of the economy, the environment, and the health of those living near pipelines, it’s vital we take the appropriate steps to protect pipelines and prevent future vandalism.