Is type 2 diabetes a global epidemic?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has attained the status of a global pandemic, spreading from affluent industrialized nations to the emerging economies of Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
Is diabetes common in Saudi Arabia?
The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that Saudi Arabia ranks the second highest in the Middle East, and is seventh in the world for the rate of diabetes. It is estimated that around 7 million of the population are diabetic and almost around 3 million have pre-diabetes.
Is type 2 diabetes more common in developed or developing countries?
A majority of type 2 diabetes cases are in advanced nations. However, the disease is becoming a serious problem in developing countries. Diabetes prevalence in low-middle-high SDI countries is 1.48, 3.74, and 3.42 percent, respectively.
Which is the diabetic capital of the world?
India is deemed as the world’s capital of diabetes. The diabetic population in the country is close to hitting the alarming mark of 69.9 million by 2025 and 80 million by 2030.
When did type 2 diabetes become an epidemic?
In 1994, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) diabetes program declared that diabetes had reached epidemic proportions and should be considered as a major public health problem.
Why is type 2 diabetes a global issue?
Health systems in many countries are unable to provide effective diabetes care, due to limited resources and a shortage of trained health professionals. If not addressed, diabetes threatens to overwhelm healthcare systems and hinder economic growth in many countries.
Why does Saudi Arabia have so much diabetes?
“Aside from the genetic basis of diabetes, changing lifestyles — often a result of rising disposable income and urbanization — are considered as one of the major contributing factors for diabetes,” said Mansoor Ahmed, the Middle East and North Africa director of real estate, health care, education and PPP for Colliers …
Why does Saudi Arabia have high diabetes?
It is mainly due to consequence of life-style as lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, obesity and overweight. Over the past four decades major socio-economic changes have occurred in Saudi Arabia.
Why is diabetes more common in poor countries?
The causes of type 2 diabetes are largely related to economic development. Urbanisation, mechanisation and globalisation lead to reduced physical activity and a diet that contains more fat and salt, which in turn lead to obesity and raised blood pressure. Diabetes therefore is a development issue.
Why is diabetes becoming more common?
Obesity is often seen as the main contributor to an increasing prevalence of diabetes [8–10] but other factors such as ageing, ethnicity, lifestyle (i.e., physical inactivity and energy dense diet), socioeconomic status, education, and urbanization have also been identified as potentially important factors [11–14].
Which state in India has highest diabetes?
In the 15- to 49-year age-group that the study evaluated, Goa had the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.6%), followed by Andaman & Nicobar Islands (8.3%) and Kerala (7.5%). The southern states had a higher prevalence: Andhra Pradesh (6.6%), Karnataka (4.6%), Tamil Nadu (6.8%) and Telangana (4.8%).
Which diabetes is common in India?
Prevalence in India Most of this increase is in cases of type 2 diabetes, which is caused by insulin resistance and the pancreas slowly losing the ability to make insulin. A complex set of factors can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, including: genes. environment.
Which countries have the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus?
This prevalence was significantly associated with high GDP per capita and energy cons … In the Arab world, the countries with the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus are: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain and UAE, whilst the countries with the lowest prevalence are Mauritania and Somalia.
What is the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Arab world?
Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects more than 382 million people around the world, of whom 90% are diagnosed with type-2 DM (T2DM). The prevalence of T2DM has increased dramatically during the last 2 decades. The Arab world is not immune from this epidemic in the prevalence of T2DM.
What is the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Tunisia?
The Tunisian study revealed that the prevalence of T2DM in Tunisia will reach 26.6% in 2027. Moreover, it predicts that a 20% reduction in obesity and smoking will yield in a 3.3% reduction in T2DM by 2027.
Are lifestyle changes contributing to the diabetes crisis in the Arabian area?
However, despite no changes in the traditional risk factors for T2DM in Arabian area, there is an alarming increase in the prevalence of diabetes, particularly within the last two decades – suggesting that recent lifestyle changes may have greater effect on this crisis.