How many protein-coding genes do Arabidopsis have?
The Arabidopsis thaliana genome has a haploid chromosome number of 5, containing 135 Mb with about 27,000 protein-coding genes encoding around 35,000 proteins.
How do you write the names of proteins?
Protein symbols are not italicized, and all letters are in upper-case (e.g., GFAP). Fish: In contrast to the general rule, full gene names are italicized (e.g., brass). Gene symbols are also italicized, with all letters in lower-case (e.g., brs).
How do you write Arabidopsis thaliana?
Arabidopsis is the common name an when referring to it in general you can use the non italicized “Arabidopsis”. If you italicize that indicates the full scientific name (Arabidopsis thaliana). The generic name (italicized) is usually not written alone as far as I know.
How many seeds are in an Arabidopsis plant?
Each silique (seed capsule) contains 30-60 seeds, and each plant has around 50-60 siliques, so a plant can produce thousands of seeds.
How do you write gene names for proteins?
- Full gene names are italicized, all lower case, NEVER use Greek symbols. eg: cyclops (in italics)
- Gene symbols are italicized, all lower case. eg: cyc (in italics)
- Protein designations are the same as the gene symbol, but first letter only upper case and not italicized. eg: Cyc.
What is a protein name?
The words protein, polypeptide, and peptide are a little ambiguous and can overlap in meaning. Protein is generally used to refer to the complete biological molecule in a stable conformation, whereas peptide is generally reserved for a short amino acid oligomers often lacking a stable 3D structure.
How do you name a protein mutant?
The full descriptive names of the wild-type (ALPHABETICA) and mutant (alphabetica) alleles should be written in the same manner. Protein products of genes should be written in capital letters without italics (ABC). Phenotypes may be designated by the gene symbol (no italics) with the first letter capitalized.
How is Arabidopsis used in plant research?
What’s more, Arabidopsis is easy and inexpensive to grow, and produces many seeds; this allows extensive genetic experiments, often involving tens of thousands of plants. Also, Arabidopsis has a comparatively small genome, thereby simplifying and facilitating genetic analysis.
What is Landsberg erecta?
Landsberg erecta is commonly used as a genetic background in mutant screens and in natural variation studies. There- fore, the erecta mutation is present in many loss-of- function mutants and recombinant inbred lines.